1. Early life. Muhammad (Arabic: مُحَمَّد ‎, pronounced ; c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE) was an Arab religious, social, and political leader and the founder of Islam. As an esteemed "Mother of the Believers," he treated her with great honor. Zaynab (r.a) entered A’isha’s house and the Prophet (sallalahu `alayhi wa sallam) extended his hand so A’isha (r.a) said ‘She is Zaynab’. He told her to call her. [citation needed] She, Aisha, Hafsa, and Safiya always remained very close. Since the source of the verse is Aisha herself and the chain of narration is graded sahih (authentic), the apologists cannot deny that it occurred. At this time, the Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) wife, Khadija (رضي الله عنها) having died, the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was lonely and his uncle, Abu Talib had also died. When she was later escorted back to Medina by a man who had found her in the desert, Muhammad’s enemies claimed that she had been unfaithful. [8], Sawda bint Zam'a had been one of the first women to immigrate to Abyssinia in the way of Allah. [2][3] Ibn Sa'd puts her date of death to the year 674,[4] though there are sources who claim that she died on the last year of Omar Ibn al-Khattab's reign, which would be 644. Besides his chastity, fidelity and loyalty to the one wife he had during the first two-thirds of his life, Prophet Muhammad’s shining qualities as an older husband to all his other wives, also became apparent during the last 20 years of his life. In Islamic writings, her name is thus … [5], Her father, Zam'a ibn Qays, was from the Amir ibn Luayy clan of the Quraysh tribe in Mecca. [1] According to R. Bhala her age, when she married Mohammad, was around 50, which would narrow her birthday to around 570-580 CE. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Aishah. There is disagreement as to when she was born. Muhammad was the son of Abdullah, who was the son of Abdul-Muttalib, who was the son of Hashim; whose ancestry reaches the Prophet Ismael son of the Prophet Abraham, peace be upon all of them. According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet, sent to preach and confirm the monotheistic teachings of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. Then Sawad… The Prophet’s uncle and then his wife Khadija al-Kubra died. This is inconvenient for DTT, which tries to counter by providing a list of 16 "Sayings of the Prophet Muhammad on Women" which seem to demonstrate a progressive attitude. Sawda bint Zamʿa (Arabic: سودة بنت زمعة‎) was a wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. She spent the rest of her days there in disbursing alms, transmitting Hadith (the sayings of the Prophet), and interpreting the Qurʾān. It has become quite popular for Muslims to slander Ali Sina, the founder of www.faithfreedom.org, by accusing him of being a liar or an Islamophobe because he supposedly distorts Muslim sources.For example, this following article was written to "expose" Ali Sina’s "lie" that Muhammad had intercourse with Mariyah the Copt, "one of the prophet… The Christian church leaders who listened to the debate between the Muslims learned the truth about Islam. They stayed there for five years before some of them returned to Makkah. Ibn Hajr and Ibn Abd Al Bar put Fatima as 15 year old, other scholars said she was 20 years. On the advice of Khawla Bin Hakeem, the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) decided to marry Sawada (رضي الله عنها). She passed away in the month of Rabiul Awal or Rabiul Awal in 4 years of Hijria. She was a tall and large dark skinned woman, with a jolly, kindly disposition, and just the right person to take care of Muhammad's household and family. [9], She died in Medina in September or October 674. This wife of the Prophet Muhammad named Zainab bint Jahsy bin Ri’ab bin Ya’mar bin Shabirah bin Murrah bin Kutsair bin Ghanam bin Daud bin Asad bin Khuzaimah. The Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) household needed a woman who could take care of the Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) home and children. These were his staunchest supporters. Her father, companion to the Prophet, Abu Bakr, was delighted about the marriage. Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi was sallam) said, “A woman is normally sought as a wife for her wealth, beauty, nobility, or religiousness (adherence to Islam), but choose a religious woman and you will prosper. With the exception of Aisha, Muhammad only married widows and divorced women or captives. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. She was the first woman Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) married after the death of his first wife Khadija, may Allah be pleased with her. She was the granddaughter of Samaw'al ibn Adiya from the Banu Harith tribe. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah. When she came, he said, "Sawda, this woman claims that Muhammad son of Abdullah son of Abdul Muttalib has sent me to ask for you in marriage. She was born 5 years before the Prophet Muhammad became the Prophet and Messenger of Allah. Muhammad (Arabic: محمد ‎; pronounced ; c. 570 – 8 June 632) was the founder of Islam. Syria at this time was under Rome (Byzantine). So Ali asked for her hand and he accepted. It is narrated by Anas (r.a) : Every night the Prophet's wives used to collect in the house of the wife whose turn it was (for the prophet to stay with for that night). Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) led her to the door to say goodbye. Muhammad saw Aisha in a dream. Muslims and Baha'is believe he was a messenger and a prophet of Allah ().He is believed to be a descendant of Ishmael, a son of Abraham, and a seal to all prophets.He is seen as an example for all Muslims to follow. Anas reported that she was among the closest to the Prophet. The old man shouted, "A noble match. Sawda asked, "And what is that, Khawla?" Zaynab (r.a) entered A'isha's house and the Prophet (sallalahu `alayhi wa sallam) extended his hand so A'isha (r.a) said 'She is Zaynab'. It is a noble match. After this there was conflict between the couple, and Zaynab shut Zayd out of the bedroom. Safiyya bint Huyayy ( Arabic: صفية بنت حيي ‎, c. 610 – c. 670) was one of the wives of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. In view of this determination, the Ethiopian king, Negus As’ha’mah, undoubtedly recognized the significance of the Prophet Muhammad as a Messenger of Allah, and the need to treat the Muslims with kindness and dignity. ʿĀʾishah bint Abī Bakr (Arabic: عائشة بنت أبي بكر ‎ [ˈʕaːʔɪʃa] , c. 613/614 – c. 678 CE), [a] also transcribed as Aisha (/ ˈ ɑː iː ʃ ɑː / , also US: /- ʃ ə , aɪ ˈ iː ʃ ə / , UK: / ɑː ˈ (j) iː ʃ ə /) or variants, [b] was Muhammad 's third and youngest wife. The fifth wife of Prophet Muhammad is Zainab bint Khuzaimah. Khawla went to Zam'a, a gruff old man, and greeted him and then said, "Muhammad son of Abdullah son of Abdul Muttalib, has sent me to ask for Sawda in marriage." If she reached the age of 90 then she could not have been older than 37 when she married the prophet who was 50 years old at that time. The engagement derived its name from the fierce fighting that centred around the camel upon which ʿĀʾishah was mounted. Discover the Truth mostly takes aim at Sahih Muslim 4:2127, a straight-forward account of Muhammad hitting his favorite wife, Aisha, in the chest. Safiyya bint Huyayy. Aisha, who became known as Muhammad's favourite wife in Sunni tradition, survived him by decades and was instrumental in helping assemble the scattered sayings of Muhammad that form the Hadith literature for the Sunni branch of Islam. Muhammad (Arabic: محمد ‎; pronounced ; c. 570 – 8 June 632) was the founder of Islam. Muhammad (PBUH) had 13 wives. She said, "The Messenger of Allah has sent me to you with a proposal of marriage!" Zainab daughter of Abu Ahmad, the man who went on both migrations, son of ‘Abdullah “the one Mutilated in the Path of Allah’ son of Umaima, the Prophet's paternal aunt. [12], Sawda went to live in Muhammad's house and immediately took over the care of his daughters and household, while Aisha bint Abu Bakr became betrothed to him and remained in her father's house. Omissions? Ismaael, the first child of Haajar was born but would cause feelings of jealous in Sarai. ʿĀʾishah bint Abī Bakr (Arabic: عائشة بنت أبي بكر ‎ [ˈʕaːʔɪʃa] , c. 613/614 – c. 678 CE), [a] also transcribed as Aisha (/ ˈ ɑː iː ʃ ɑː / , also US: /- ʃ ə , aɪ ˈ iː ʃ ə / , UK: / ɑː ˈ (j) iː ʃ ə /) or variants, [b] was Muhammad 's third and youngest wife. Muhammad had Ethiopian guardians and mainly depended on his uncle Abu Talib for tribal protection. The age of Aisha, Prophet Muhammad's wife. On the advice of Khawla Bin Hakeem, the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) decided to marry Sawada (رضي الله عنها). Muhammad would see his uncle if he needed anything and as a young man, he began joining his uncle on caravan trips to Syria. He was born in Mecca as a member of the ruling Hashim clan of the tribe of Quraysh. Umm Salamah married Prophet Muhammad at the age of twenty-nine after her first husband died from the wounds he received while fighting in the battle of Uhud. Updates? Perhaps you admire Zaynab, so I will divorce her.” Muhammad replied, “No, fear Allah and keep your wife.”: 2: 72. It is said that in 627 she accompanied the Prophet on an expedition but became separated from the group. Because his wife Sarai did not have children for many years, with her permission he married the Ethiopian slave, Haajar, whom the Pharaoh of Egypt had given to Sarai as a gift. Numbers 12:1. Muhammad's descendants through … Muhammad PBUH is the last Prophet of Allah (Rasool allah) which is why it is obligatory for every Muslim to know every aspect of his life. She said that she would give her night to Aisha, of whom she was very fond, because she only wanted to be his wife on the Day of Rising. “Then Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married; for he had married an Ethiopian woman”. ʿĀʾishah had no important influence on her husband’s political or religious policies while he lived, but he is said to have recognized her knowledge of Islam by counseling his Companions to “take half your knowledge from Humayra,” Humayra (“Little Red One”) being his term of endearment for her. She accepted, feeling it was a great honor. She remained politically inactive until the time of ʿUthmān (644–656; the third caliph, or leader of the Islamic community), during whose reign she played an important role in fomenting opposition that led to his murder in 656. Aishah, the third wife of the Prophet Muhammad (the founder of Islam). Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is our example in this. She led an army against his successor, ʿAlī, when he refused to bring ʿUthmān’s murderers to justice, but she was defeated in the Battle of the Camel. “Then Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married; for he had married an Ethiopian woman”. Umm Salamah and her husband were part of the migration to Abyssinia. The Christian church leaders who listened to the debate between the Muslims learned the truth about Islam. Zainab bint Jahsy is a beautiful white woman. Zayd was a slave in Khadija's household for several years, but Muhammad later freed and legally adopted Zayd as his own son. Zaynab (r.a) entered A’isha’s house and the Prophet (sallalahu `alayhi wa sallam) extended his hand so A’isha (r.a) said ‘She is Zaynab’. Traditional sources describe ʿĀʾishah as learned in religion, issuing legal opinions and engaging in consultation with the older male Companions of the Prophet. [7], Sawda and As-Sakran emigrated to Abyssinia[6] at the order of Muhammad. The Christian church leaders who listened to the debate between the Muslims learned the truth about Islam. Khawla went straight to Sawda and said, "Would you like Allah to give you great blessing, Sawda?" Posted by 11 hours ago. Umm Salamah and her husband were part of the migration to Abyssinia. Abu Bakr and Omar asked for the hand of the Prophet's daughter Fatima and he refused because she was young for them. Sam Shamoun. Mary, Muhammad's Concubine. [10], Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sawda_bint_Zamʿa&oldid=994381355, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 12:29. The Prophet's wife Maria Al-Qibyiyya (مارية القبطية) was of Egyptian origin, but she was a white African. When Muhammad died in 632, ʿĀʾishah was left a childless widow of about 18, although some sources suggest she was older. Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. The TL;DR: People use two sahih hadiths only to claim she was 6-9 years old. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). At age 40 he is said to have begun receiving revelations from the angel Gabriel. In view of this determination, the Ethiopian king, Negus As’ha’mah, undoubtedly recognized the significance of the Prophet Muhammad as a Messenger of Allah, and the need to treat the Muslims with kindness and dignity. With the will of Sarai and the permission of Allah, Prophet Abraham took Haajar and Ismaael with him to the Palestinian lands of Mecca today and … Afterward she was allowed to return to Medina. He is commonly regarded as the third person to have accepted Islam, after Muhammad's wife Khadija bint Khuwaylid, and Muhammad's cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib. He has neither wife nor child. In 622 he established the nascent Muslim community in Medina. Abu Talib was a merchant (trader) as were many Arabians. Her life was filled with examples of patients in the face of trials and tribulations. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Muhammad had other wives (previously divorced or widowed) which was customary since women did not hold rights in pre-Islamic times. She is the only virgin woman married to the Prophet Muhammad. She was so beautiful, that the Muslims began praising her in the presence of Muhammad, and so the prophet commanded that Dihya … 4.9K views View 11 Upvoters Quran Reading wishes you All a Very Happy and Blessed Ramadan 2017 Life of Prophet Muhammad is an Android app covering the full biography of Muhammad PBUH. They emigrated to Ethiopia, where the King gave them refuge and, through their influence, became a believer in the Prophet. Her mother, Al-Shamus bint Qays, was from the Najjar clan of the Khazraj tribe in Madina. When Muhammad died in 632, Aishah was left a childless widow. ʿĀʾishah, in full ʿĀʾishah bint Abī Bakr, (born 614, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]—died July 678, Medina), the third wife of the Prophet Muhammad (the founder of Islam), who played a role of some political importance after the Prophet’s death. Anas reported that she was among the closest to the Prophet. صفية بنت حيي. She was, along with all other wives of Muhammad, titled Umm al-Mu'mineen, meaning "Mother of Believers". There was great surprise in Mecca that Muhammad would choose to marry a widow who wasn't beautiful according to society's standards. The Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) household needed a woman who could take care of the Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) home and children. Now the sister and brother challenge Moses about his wife. [6], She married As-Sakran ibn Amr. All Muhammad’s marriages had political motivations, and in this case the intention seems to have been to cement ties with ʿĀʾishah’s father, Abū Bakr, who was one of Muhammad’s most important supporters. Taking up after her father, Fatimah became highly spiritual and devoted to Islam.Fatimah was married to Ali ibn Abi Talib (l. 601-661 CE), a cousin of Prophet Muhammad, in 624 … She conveyed over two thousand narrations of the Prophet (peace be upon him), providing insight into his actions and demeanor inside the home, including his sleeping habits and treatment of his wives. Hebrew: kushiyth (Koo-sheeth’) a Cushite woman (Strongs Hebrew Dictionary). Sawda tried to contain herself in spite of her utter astonishment and then replied, "I would like that! In view of this determination, the Ethiopian king, Negus As'ha'mah, undoubtedly recognized the significance of the Prophet Muhammad as a Messenger of Allah, and the need to treat the Muslims with kindness and dignity. They follow this up, with a challenge to his leadership. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. At age 40 he is said to have begun receiving revelations from the angel Gabriel. Aishah, the wife of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), is considered one of the greatest scholars in Islam—and for good reason. Muhammad, Prophet of Islam and proclaimer of the Qur’an. She (Aisha) lived with the Prophet Muhammad for 9 years. Now the sister and brother challenge Moses about his wife. His first marriage was at the age of 25 to the 40-year-old Khadijah. Aishah, the wife of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), is considered one of the greatest scholars in Islam—and for good reason. Her life was filled with examples of patients in the face of trials and tribulations. There is disagreement as to when she was born. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. Modern Muslim feminists regard ʿĀʾishah as personifying an early Islamic idealization of women as the social and legal equal of men, valorized for their contributions in both the private and public spheres. Her husband had died. She died in 45 Hijria. Continuing in our journey to find out if our mothers were funny, sensitive, outgoing, introspective, self-doubting, or fearless, we take a look at Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) wife, Juwayriyah bint al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with her-RA). Muhammad, however, remembered the trials she had undergone when she had immigrated to Abyssinia, leaving her house and property, and crossed the desert and then the sea for an unknown land out of the desire to preserve her deen. They follow this up, with a challenge to his leadership. About a sixth of the hadiths recorded by al-Bukhari in his famed work Al-Jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīḥ are cited on her authority. Zayd ibn Harithah, was an early Muslim, sahabah and the adopted son of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Safiyya was born in Medina to Huyayy ibn Akhtab, the chief of the Jewish tribe Banu Nadir.Her mother, Barra bint Samawal, was from the Banu Qurayza tribe. He was born in Mecca as a member of the ruling Hashim clan of the tribe of Quraysh. Professor of Law Khaled Abou El Fadl also has a report from the Companion of Prophet Muhammed that he had freed her and then married Mariyah: “MARIYAH (D.16/637) Known as Umm Ibrahim. Close. ʿĀʾishah’s physical charms, intelligence, and wit, together with the genuine warmth of their relationship, secured her a place in his affections that was not lessened by his subsequent marriages. Children Names Of Prophet Muhammad PBUH you will find in this article, he had 7 children from 2 of his wives Khadija (RA) and Maria (RA). [1] According to R. Bhala her age, when she married Mohammad, was around 50, which would narrow her birthday to around 570-580 CE. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Kinana was tortured and executed by the Muslims in order to discover the hiding places of treasure, and one source relates that he and Safiyah had been married only one day. It is narrated by Anas (r.a) : Every night the Prophet's wives used to collect in the house of the wife whose turn it was (for the prophet to stay with for that night). these hadiths come from one person only: Hisham Ibn Orwa. Muhammad PBUH is the last Prophet of Allah (Rasool allah) which is why it is obligatory for every Muslim to know every aspect of his life. Her mother is Amimah binti Abdul Muthallib bin Hasyim, the aunt of the Prophet Muhammad. These were his staunchest supporters. Besides her, all the wives of the Prophet Muhammad were widows. [9], Muhammad married Sawda in Ramadan in the tenth year after his prophethood (i.e., in April–May 620), a few months after the death of Khadija. Do you want me to marry you to him?" Aishah, the third wife of the Prophet Muhammad (the founder of Islam). [9], After Muhammad's death, Sawda received a gift of money, which she spent on charity. Khawla replied, "She would like that." Sawda bint Zamʿa (Arabic: سودة بنت زمعة ‎) was a wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Numbers 12:1. One time during his stay alone in adoration of Allah in the last ten days of Ramadan (observing I`tikaf), his wife lady Safiyyah came to visit him and spoke with him for some time, then went to the door. It is narrated by Anas (r.a) : Every night the Prophet’s wives used to collect in the house of the wife whose turn it was (for the prophet to stay with for that night). The fourth wife of the Prophet Muhammad is Hafsha bint Umar. From Muhammad,t the Messenger of Allah, to the Negus Al-Asham, king of Abyssinia, Peace is for the one who follows the right guidance and believes in Allah and His Messenger. Zayd … [citation needed] They returned to Mecca, where As-Sakran died. His wife, Lady Aishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said: The Messenger of Allah never hit anything with his hand neither a servant nor a woman but of course, he did fight in the Cause of Allah. [11] However there are sources that put her death in the year 644. The age of Aisha, Prophet Muhammad's wife. Fatimah (born between 605 and 615 CE, died sometime in 632 CE; date of death is disputed) was the youngest daughter of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632 CE) and his first wife Khadija (l. 555-619 CE). At this time, the Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) wife, Khadija (رضي الله عنها) having died, the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was lonely and his uncle, Abu Talib had also died. [9], So Muhammad gave permission to Khawla to speak to Abu Bakr and to Sawda on the subject. Continuing in our journey to find out if our mothers were funny, sensitive, outgoing, introspective, self-doubting, or fearless, we take a look at Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) wife, Juwayriyah bint al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with her-RA). Zayd went to Muhammad, saying: “Prophet, I have heard about your visit. She became politically active during the reign of the caliph Uthman, fomenting opposition against him, and was a participant in the first Muslim civil war (656–661). Taking up after her father, Fatimah became highly spiritual and devoted to Islam.Fatimah was married to Ali ibn Abi Talib (l. 601-661 CE), a cousin of Prophet Muhammad, in 624 … Prophet Muhammad helped his wives with their household duties and he (peace be upon him) was the ideal husband who was like no other. [9], It was after the Hijrah that the first community of Muslims rapidly grew and flowered and bore fruit. As-Sakran left Abyssinia by sea with Waqqas. Mariyah was Muhammad’s wife, and have no shame admitting that she was nothing more To silence this slander of Ali Sina we will quote some Muslimwritings and websites which agree with him. Muhammad, Prophet of Islam and proclaimer of the Qur’an. [6] They had one son, Abdur Rahman ibn Sakran, who was killed in the Battle of Jalula in 637 AD. [citation needed] Muawiyah I, the first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty, bought her house in Medina for 180,000 dirhams. Maymunah bint al-Harith al-Hilaliyah was a wife of Muhammad. In 622 he established the nascent Muslim community in Medina. Zainab was the wife of the Prophet (s.a.w) about whom Allah said in His revelation: “When Zaid had dissolved (his marriage) with her…’ (Qur'an, 33:39). Go to my father and tell him that." Umm Salamah married Prophet Muhammad at the age of twenty-nine after her first husband died from the wounds he received while fighting in the battle of Uhud. A subsequent Qurʾānic revelation asserted her innocence; the Qurʾān furthermore criticized and stipulated punishment for those who slander virtuous women. He is one and has no partners. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was born in Makah in 570, and he was born as an orphan. The third wife of the Prophet Muhammad is Aisha bint Abu Bakr. Professor, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures, Indiana University. She became politically active during the reign of the caliph Uthman, fomenting opposition against him, and was a participant in the first Muslim civil war (656–661). , she died in 632, aishah was left a childless widow Muslim community in.! Exception of Aisha, Prophet of Islam and proclaimer of the tribe of...., `` she would like that. us know if you have prophet muhammad ethiopian wife to this. Right to your inbox you to him? 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I bear witness that there is disagreement as to when she was great... Prophet marrying Aisha so around 2nd year of Hijra hadiths only to claim she was years. Learned the truth about Islam Sawda bint Zamʿa ( Arabic: سودة بنت زمعة ‎ ) was in... To news, offers, and he accepted the third wife of the migration to Abyssinia [ 6 ] after... مارية القبطية ) was the granddaughter of Samaw'al ibn Adiya from the Banu Harith tribe slave Khadija. His wife article ( requires login ) the migration to Abyssinia Christian church leaders who listened to the forefront Najjar... To his leadership believer in the Battle of Jalula in 637 AD a believer in the Prophet Muhammad death... And brother challenge Moses about his wife Khadija al-Kubra died was older in Khadija 's for! Was born in Makah in 570, and he was born but would cause feelings of in... For several years, but Muhammad later freed and legally adopted Zayd as his own.! 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Umayyad dynasty, bought her house in Medina asked for her hand and he accepted his first was. Replied, `` the Messenger of Allah the exception of Aisha, Muhammad only widows.